Wow, you are lightning fast.....GREAT! Thanks so much!
Heed the warnings from local weather offices of Environment Canada of impending blizzards, heavy snow, freezing rain or drizzle, cold waves and winds, and black ice.
Tune up your car. Winter weather presents the greatest challenge to your car and its engine. Prepare for winter by getting a complete checkup in the fall. Your tune-up should include battery, belts, hoses, radiator, coolant/antifreeze, oil, lights, brakes, exhaust system, heater/defroster, wipers, ignition system and tires.
Traction is the key to good movement, turning and stopping on wet surfaces.
Check the tires and tire pressure at least once a month when the tires are cold.
Make sure wipers are in good condition and fill up on windshield washer fluid. Blades that streak should be replaced. Make sure there is enough windshield washer fluid in the reservoir and that it is rated in the -40°C temperature range. Carry an extra jug in the vehicle.
If you must drive in bad weather, think caution, plan ahead and make sure you have enough fuel.
See and be seen. Clear all snow from the hood, roof, windows and lights. Clear all windows of fog. If visibility becomes poor, find a place to pull off the road safely as soon as possible. It's best to stop at a rest area or exit the roadway and go to a protected area. If the roadside is your only option, pull off the road as far as you can. Other drivers frequently strike vehicles parked at the side of the road. In reduced visibility, you should make sure your emergency flashers are on to alert other drivers.
Check weather and travel conditions before heading out. Give yourself extra time for travel and, if weather is bad, wait for conditions to improve. Plan your route and let someone know which way you'll be travelling, your destination and expected arrival time, especially when driving long distances. If you don't turn up after a reasonable delay, people will know where to search for you. If the going gets tough, turn back or seek refuge.
Try to keep to the main roads and drive with caution, measuring your speed to road and weather conditions. Avoid passing another vehicle, if possible, when weather and road conditions are bad.
It's a good idea to take a cellphone with you. It can be very valuable, especially in an emergency or if you need help. But don't talk and drive. Drivers should not use a cellphone while the vehicle is in motion. Let a passenger call for you or pull over to a safe spot to place a call for assistance.
Avoid overexertion and exposure. Shovelling and bitter cold can kill. Stay in your car. You won't get lost and you'll have shelter.
Winter collisions can occur when your vehicle skids. Remember that not all vehicles respond in the same way to icy, slippery roads. You must know how to handle your vehicle and how it responds in various weather conditions. Consult your owner's manual and familiarize yourself with your vehicle's braking system and tire traction. You may want to consider taking a driver education course that teaches emergency driving techniques.
Skids can best be avoided by driving for conditions, slowing down, allowing extra time to get to your destination and anticipating lane changes, turns and curves. Slowing down in advance, making smooth, precise movements of the steering wheel and being sensitive to how your vehicle is steering are also recommended.
Even careful and experienced drivers experience skids. Don't panic! Learn to handle skids and remember that, sometimes, the vehicle will skid a second and even third time after the initial skid. Decelerate by taking your foot off the brake, step on the clutch or shift to neutral then look where you want your vehicle to go and steer in that direction.
To survive on the road in winter, proper braking is essential. Stopping on a slippery surface requires more space, so increase your following distance. Focus your attention as far ahead as possible.
The best way to stop on a slippery surface is to use threshold or controlled braking and shift to neutral. If you don't have anti-lock brakes, the best way to use threshold or controlled braking is to keep the heel of your foot on the floor and use your toes to apply firm, steady pressure on the brake pedal. Stop just short of locking the wheels.
Under the stress of trying to stop quickly, drivers almost inevitably overreact and lock the wheels. If this happens, release brake pressure, then immediately reapply it with slightly less pressure. Do not remove your foot from the brake or pump the pedal.
By IBC <http://www.ibc.ca/en/In_the_Community/Road_Safety/Winter_Driving.asp>